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Applied Behavioral Analysis

What is Applied Behavior Analysis?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) attempts to solve behavior problems by applying behavior principles to everyday situations.  The goal is to change targeted behaviors. ABA does not consist of one type of intervention, but rather is a scientific problem-solving approach. It can help individuals acquire language, self-help and play skills. Research has proven ABA is an effective, evidence-based way for people with autism and other related disorders to learn a wide variety of skills. The systematic method for assessment and intervention allows Board Certified Behavior Analyst’s (BCBA) to identify why a child engages in maladaptive behaviors, develop the most successful strategies to alleviate these behaviors and teach new skills.

What Skills Can ABA Help With?

Applied Behavior Analysis can be used to support individuals in the following ways:

  • Increase desired behaviors such as staying on task, improving social interactions and developing language skills.
  • Acquire new Activities of Daily Living, such as toilet training, communicating and building social and academic skills.
  • Reduce or eliminate maladaptive or interfering behaviors such as non-compliance, physical aggression or self-injury.

What Does ABA Involve?

As referenced from Autism Speaks website, effective ABA intervention for autism is not a one-size-fits-all approach. A skilled BCBA customizes the intervention to each learner’s skills, needs, interests, preferences and family situation.  For these reasons, an ABA program for one learner will look different than a program for another learner.  That being said, quality ABA programs for learners with autism have the following in common:

  • Planning and ongoing assessment.
  • Treatment goals and instruction are developmentally appropriate and target a broad range of skill areas including communication, sociability, self-care, play and leisure, motor development and academic skills.
  • The intervention involves ongoing objective measurement of the learner’s progress.
  • The BCBA meets regularly with family members and program staff to plan ahead, review progress and make adjustments as needed.
  • Parents and other family members and caregivers receive training so they can support learning and skill practice throughout the day.
  • The learner’s day is structured to provide many opportunities to acquire and practice skills, both planned and naturally occurring, to acquire and practice skills in both structured and unstructured situations.

What Services Are Provided Under Applied Behavior Analysis Services?

  • Functional Behavior Assessment
  • Treatment/Behavior Plan Implementation
  • Natural Environment Training
  • Incidental/Embedded Teaching Strategies
  • Discrete Trial Training Techniques
  • Social Skills Assessments/Treatment
  • Toilet Training
  • Parent/Caregiver Training

 

 

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